Wormholes Might Actually Be Detected, Physicists Say: Science Alert

Virtual bridges connecting faraway places (and time) are a bit like gardens of sorts. black holesThis means that these legendary physics monsters may have already been seen.

Fortunately, if the new model proposed by a small team of physicists at Sofia University in Bulgaria is accurate, there may be another way to tell them apart.

Play with Einstein The general theory of relativity In the long term, we can show how the space-time background of the universe not only creates deep gravitational wells where nothing can escape – it creates impossible mountain peaks that cannot be climbed.

Unlike their dark cousins, these glowing mountains avoid anything that comes close to them, spewing streams of particles and radiation that have no hope of returning.

Dismiss unique potential It looks like a big bang one of thesewhite holes‘, nothing like it has ever been observed. Nevertheless, it remains an interesting concept for exploring the fringes of one of the biggest theories in physics.

In the 30sEinstein’s colleague Nathan Rosen has shown that nothing describes deeply curved space-time. Black hole The steep peaks of a white hole cannot connect to form a kind of bridge.

In this corner of physics, our everyday predictions of distance and time go out the window, meaning that such a theoretical correlation could extend over vast swaths of the universe.

Under the right circumstances, it is even possible to ride on this cosmic tube and carry more or less of its information.

To determine what a wormhole black hole would look like for observatories such as the Event Horizon Telescope, the Sophia University team created a simple model of the wormhole’s “throat” as a magnetic ring of liquid and made various assumptions about what it would look like. Such as. Rinse it before swallowing.

Particles caught in this furious vortex create powerful electromagnetic fields that spiral and slash in predictable patterns, polarizing any light emitted by hot objects with a distinctive signature. It was the tracing of polarized radio waves that gave us the first stunning images M87* in 2019 and arch a* earlier this year.

The smoldering hot lips of a typical wormhole are hard to distinguish from the polarized light emitted by the spinning disk of chaos surrounding the black hole.

By that logic, M87* could be a wormhole. In fact, wormholes may be lurking at the end of black holes everywhere, and there is no easy way for us to find out.

This does not mean that there is no way to find out.

If we are lucky enough to capture a picture of a candidate wormhole indirectly through decent gravitational lensing, the exact properties that distinguish wormholes from black holes become apparent.

This would require a mass conveniently placed between us and the wormhole, distorting its light enough to magnify the small differences, but at least giving us a way to detect dark spots receding from the void.

There is another way that requires good luck. If we see a wormhole at a right angle, the light heading towards us through its dividing entrance would enhance its signature even further, giving us a clear indication of an entrance to the stars and beyond.

Further modeling may reveal other properties of light waves that help distinguish wormholes from the night sky without the need for a lens or perfect angles, the researchers are now turning their attention.

It also imposes restrictions Revealing new ways to explore not only the physics of wormholes general relativityBut physics describes the behavior of waves and particles.

Then, Lessons learned from predictions It can reveal where general relativity breaks down, opening up some of its own holes to make bold new discoveries that could give us an entirely new way of looking at the universe.

This study has been published physical examination d.

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