The head of the Sudanese Sovereign Council, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, warned on Sunday against promoting what he described as “rumors” about the return of the dissolved National Congress Party through the military establishment, but the opposition believes that the party has already succeeded and returned to penetrate the joints of the state.
After the army overthrew Al-Bashir’s government in 2019 following months of popular protests, the authorities dissolved the National Congress Party and banned its participation in political life for ten years.
Al-Burhan’s talk comes after the growing controversy in Sudan regarding two recent judicial decisions that invalidated the decisions of the committee to remove the dismantling of the former regime during the transitional period, before the military coup’s decision to dissolve the General Federation of Sudan Trade Unions and the Bar Association.
On the first of this month, the Sudanese Supreme Court decided to cancel the decision of the “Committee to dismantle the system of June 30, 1989 and recover public funds”, according to which the union and trade union organizations were dissolved by an administrative decision and the formation of governmental trade union steering committees.
Three days before that, another court ruling was issued to dissolve the steering committee that was formed to lead the Bar Association by the Forces of Freedom and Change.
The lawyer and leader in the Forces of Freedom and Change says: “Not only that, but the matter is that the two judicial decisions include the restoration of the National Congress unions, which were present before the revolution or at the end of the era of the former regime.”
He added, in his interview with Al-Hurra website, that the decision to return the Sudan Trade Union Workers Federation, which is affiliated with the Bashir regime, means the dissolution of 80 percent of the unions that were formed during the transitional period, while the rest are subject to a special law, such as the Bar and Journalists Syndicates. Judicial decisions against it individually.
After the decision was issued, the Bar Association was attacked by supporters of the former regime and clashes occurred with supporters of the Forces of Freedom and Change, before the police intervened and imposed a ban on the building so far.
But the director of the Institute of Political and Military Analysis in Khartoum, Al-Rasheed Ibrahim, believes that “Al-Burhan cannot be accused of dissolving the unions and returning the unions that existed before the fall of Al-Bashir because he represents the executive body, but this was done by judicial decisions, and there is a separation of powers.”
In his interview with Al-Hurra, he explained that “the crisis lies in a mistake committed by the forces of freedom and change in that they established steering committees with a specific period of time and that during the two or three years in which they ruled, no elections were held until the unions took their legal status, and these committees have expired, and perhaps their mandate has expired, and perhaps This is the loophole that unions affiliated with the previous regime exploited, and thus returned according to judicial decisions.”
Orwa Al-Sadiq, a member of the committee to dismantle the Bashir regime, says, “Yes, on the surface, they are judicial decisions, but this circuit was specifically designed to overrule all the decisions of the dismantling committee, but this circuit was supposed to consider the decisions of the Appeal Committee for the decisions of the dismantling committee, but the Appeal Committee hindered its formation personally. The forces of freedom and change presented their candidates to appeal the decisions of the dismantling committee, but throughout the twenty months after the formation of the dismantling committee, the proof continued to obstruct its formation to overturn the decisions issued by the committee with judicial rulings from this department.
Al-Sadiq, during his conversation with Al-Hurra website, described the decisions that were taken regarding the decisions of the Empowerment Removal Committee, as being political, “and were not based on justifications. .
Al-Burhan said, on Sunday, that “the armed forces will not delay in responding to the call of the Sudanese people despite the attacks that have been subjected to them by specific and well-known groups, which have continued to spread lies, malicious rumors and incite against the armed forces, and promote that the army is working to restore the National Congress and the Islamic Movement to rule, Its purpose is to gain political power in order to gain power.
He added that “the army has no tribe, party or party to defend, especially the National Congress and the affiliates of the Islamic movement, who have to be satisfied with the past thirty years,” adding that they “will never again reach power through the armed forces.”
And the sheikh says: “If the proof is talking about that he will not allow the return of the National Congress, then it has already returned and succeeded.”
He explains that “many aspects of life here on the ground in Sudan are the opposite of the statement of the proof. The symbols of the former regime have returned in the judicial and judicial organs such as the Ministry of Justice and the Attorney General, and in other jobs in the customs, taxes and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They are all members of the former regime, but rather in positions All the financial and political institutions affiliated with the National Congress Party, such as organizations and money changers, returned to their leaders, and the money confiscated from them was returned to their leaders,” adding that “all appearances show that they have returned with force.”
Among the manifestations that the Sheikh talks about are “demonstrations organized by leaders of the dissolved National Congress Party, where they are under the protection of the security forces, in contrast to the protests of the revolutionaries and the resistance committees, which are facing shooting, killing, beating and arrests.”
Despite its dissolution after the fall of former President Omar al-Bashir, the National Congress Party continues to move in the political arena. A week ago, thousands of Islamists mobilized to protest against the international mediation that is trying to get Sudan out of the crisis it is experiencing due to the coup of the 25th of October 2021 led by the army chief, Al-Burhan.
The party immediately responded to Al-Burhan’s letter and wrote on his Facebook page, on Sunday, directing the conversation to the army chief, “You know for sure the fact that the armed forces are loyal to the organization,” under which the Islamists belong.
After the overthrow of Al-Bashir, civilians, who were later excluded from power following the coup of Al-Burhan, confiscated the property of the National Congress Party and some of its members, but after the coup the authorities restored the property of some of its leaders, and several Islamic faces regained their positions in the state.
Al-Sheikh says, “Before the coup of the proof, there was no presence of the remnants of the regime, but the freezing of the proof itself for the work of the committee to dismantle the former regime, and the formation of another committee to review its decisions, is what led to the cancellation of the majority of the decisions issued by the committee to remove empowerment in the face of the former regime, and perhaps the rest in The Road”.
Al-Sadiq believes that “what the proof said is belied by reality, for all the decisions taken by him in the past period confirm that there is a hidden agreement between him and the dissolved regime,” considering that the army commander wanted “to send a message to the political inside and outside, especially to the Gulf countries that do not want the return of the Brotherhood regime.” Muslims”.
For his part, Ibrahim says that “talking about the Empowerment Committee is technical, not political, because the idea of dismantling the system is not in dispute.”
He added, “Al-Burhan did not issue decisions to return members of the regime, but this came through rulings issued by the judiciary, and therefore he talks about the exploitation and support of the law in the work of the judiciary, and that there are still no influential figures for the regime, and all of them are from the civil service, just employees, and no I think they can restore the old system.”
He considered that the talk about the return of figures from the National Congress Party as “a pressure card and a kind of practice that tries to show proof that he is trying to restore the Bashir regime, but this is not true from my point of view.”
two thousand people
Al-Sadiq reveals that the number of those who returned to the civil service “is not less than two thousand people in all institutions such as the Council of Ministers and its affiliated units, the judicial institution, the Public Prosecution and civil aviation, and many of the facilities in which the dismantling committee took decisions against the employees of the former regime, they were returned to service and the decisions were cancelled. The committee without considering the reasons for which these employees were dismissed.
Ali Ibrahim replies, “On the contrary, in the Bank of Sudan, they were promoted and empowered with sensitive departments in the Central Bank, such as the mint facilities and the Khartoum Stock Exchange.”
Ibrahim acknowledges that “there are employees from the previous regime who returned to their work, and this is because there is a loophole. The Empowerment Committee made a mistake, as it was supposed to remove these employees by a judicial decision, but it implemented this by administrative and political decisions, and thus facilitated the process of their return, because the administrative decision is not based on to the civil service regulations, which determine when an employee is dismissed from his job.
Al-Sadiq responds: “We in the committee have all the documents that prove that these people either obtained their jobs or the wealth they accumulated unjustly, whether they were in justice institutions or in the Council of Ministers, and all of them did not have what qualifies them for this job except that they are among the cadres of the regime. defunct”.
The Sheikh notes that “blocs of the former regime began to appear in some institutions, and to take revenge on those who stood with the revolution.”
He says, “For example, after the return of the Central Bank of Sudan’s employees’ union affiliated with the National Congress Party, decisions were issued by the bank’s management, to transfer the employees who were in the union committee that was formed during the transitional period, to other branches outside Khartoum as a kind of revenge and punishment.”
Al-Hurra website reviewed the decisions to promote and transfer some employees, including the director of the General Administration of Technology, and the head of the dismantling committee in the Central Bank to El Daein branch in East Darfur.
Al-Sadiq believes that the judicial rulings “do not go beyond being political decisions to empower the employees of the former regime, including unions, professional federations, employers’ federations, and trade unions.”
He explained, “These unions have huge assets and money, and we in the committee dissolved them because they were one of the facades of the Bashir regime, which he has been exploiting throughout the years of his rule, and the lists of those in charge of these unions completely match the organizational lists of the professional and factional departments of the dissolved National Congress Party. Bring them back under the pretext that they are elected.
He considered that “this return is to empower them with the joints and resources of these unions, and cut the way before the draft constitution of the steering committee for Sudanese lawyers, on which the new transitional phase will be established. It is false, it is false,” he added, adding that “the goal is not only to recover money and assets, but to finish off the comprehensive political solution that the Sudanese political forces are pursuing.”
A year ago, no actual project to settle the crisis appeared, but the only proposal that is being discussed by civilians and the military is a draft constitution prepared by the Sudanese Bar Association, approved by the forces that support democratic transition and is accepted by the international community, and stipulates banning any activity of the National Congress Party during The transitional period, which is supposed to continue until general elections are held, no consensus has been reached on its date.
It stated, “It is prohibited during the transitional period to engage in political activity for leaders and members of the dissolved National Congress Party, and to register or re-register its associations, organizations and fronts.”
Over the past few days, thousands of Sudanese went out to commemorate the first anniversary of the military coup carried out by the army chief on October 25, 2021.
On that day, Al-Burhan retracted all the pledges he made two years ago to share power with civilians in preparation for free elections in Sudan, and ordered the arrest of all political leaders and civilian ministers in the government.