In conjunction with the expansion of the protests, the Iranian authorities have recently worked to highlight attacks that they said were behind ISIS, from the attack on a shrine in Shiraz to operations in Izeh and Isfahan, and a question arose about the alleged appearance of the organization at this time, and fears of “exploiting these operations” before authorities to suppress the protests.
Gunmen riding motorcycles killed nine people, including a woman and two children, in southern Iran, in two separate attacks, according to state media on Thursday.
The attack is the second in Isfahan, for which the Iranian authorities also blamed “terrorists”, and President Ibrahim Raisi ordered the concerned authorities to “move immediately to identify the perpetrators of the attack and hand them over to the judicial system to be punished.”
On October 26, an attack targeted a religious shrine in the city of Shiraz, killing 13 people, and it was claimed by the Islamic State.
These terrorist operations coincide with the issuance of death sentences against demonstrators, who are being suppressed by the Iranian authorities. This opens the door to discussion about the Iranian authorities benefiting from terrorist acts to curb popular movements.
Within this framework, the London-based Iranian dissident, Wijdan Abd al-Rahman, considers that “there are bases for ISIS and al-Qaeda in Iran, because the Iranian regime has the pragmatism to contain all these groups and benefit from them for the benefit of its projects.”
He continued his speech, saying to the “Al-Hurra” website, “Iran is trying to suppress any movement at home, and the recent allegation related to the involvement of terrorist organizations in the Shiraz bombing raises doubts, because Iran has not announced until today the names of the dead, and this indicates that there is a “fabrication” by Iran. To “destroy the protests.”
However, Professor of Political Science at the University of Tehran, Hossein Royoran, pointed out that “there are some Western countries that consider that there is good terrorism and bad terrorism. When terrorism serves its causes, it becomes legitimate.”
He continued, in an interview with Al-Hurra, that “what is happening in Iran is the entry of new parties to the protests. It is a wave that can occur in any regime that has a space of freedoms, but when there is an armed confrontation, this matter is not normal, and here we must intervene.”
He explained, “Within two weeks, the Iranian border guards discovered more than 10,000 weapons smuggled into Iran, and this reflects that parties from abroad are trying to take this wave of protests into an internal confrontation in Iran.”
Therefore, the Iranian government is trying to strike any possibility of an internal confrontation, and this is not an exploitation, but rather a process of controlling the security situation, and preventing the protests from turning into an internal war, as happened in other countries in the region, according to Royoran.
Abdul Rahman says, “There is an Iranian decision stating that if the protests in Iran do not subside and continue for a longer period than expected, there will be 3 plans for the Iranian regime to draw the attention of the international community and the Iranian interior, and divert attention from what is happening inside.”
Abd al-Rahman enumerated the plans as “either the Iranian regime carrying out a massacre at home and a large number of people were killed, so that the world would be preoccupied with these events. Or Iran would carry out operations outside its borders, so that public and internal opinion would be preoccupied with these events, or by carrying out explosions.” targeting ships at sea.
And there was an attack on an oil tanker off the coast of the Sultanate of Oman earlier this week, which the US Central Command said was carried out using an Iranian-made drone.
For his part, Royoran stresses that “he does not see that the bombing of the Israeli ship off Oman is linked to the protests. There is an undeclared war between Iran and Israel that extends beyond its arenas in the region, and when Israel strikes Iranian oil trucks in western Iraq without claiming responsibility, it is only natural that a tanker is struck there.” without adopting either.”
Why did ISIS appear now?
Royoran explains, “Since the Taliban came to power after the American withdrawal from Afghanistan, there has been a large wave of immigration from Afghanistan to Iran, and according to the statistics of the Ministry of the Interior, more than 6 million people entered Iran illegally, and in some neighborhoods in Tehran there are a large number of Afghans in Iran”.
And he considered, “It is normal, when 6 million Afghans enter Iran, that some ISIS elements will infiltrate among them.”
He said, “What is happening in terms of terrorist operations is an exploitation of an existing situation in Iran.”
For his part, Abdul Rahman says, “The Iranian regime is trying to exploit terrorist operations to divert attention from the protests that are happening at home. But all these projects have failed, and the Iranian regime is still insisting on the Daeshization of any movement, but this issue will fail.”
And he believed that “the people in Iran are now aware that the Daeshization of the movement is an Iranian project,” and he ruled out that “the authorities will succeed in this matter, or even succeed in curbing the protests through executions.”