- Tessa Wong
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky told world leaders at the G-20 summit in Bali that Russia’s war must end now.
He called for the extension of a major grain export deal due to expire soon.
Zelensky was speaking via video broadcast to the leaders gathered on the Indonesian island.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, a member of the Group of Twenty, apologized for attending and sent Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov instead.
Zelensky said in his speech: “I am now convinced that the time has come, and the devastating Russian war can be stopped.”
He outlined some strategies, including ensuring nuclear and food safety, ending hostilities, and preventing escalation.
He repeatedly addressed the leaders as a “Group of 19” — specifically excluding Russia.
Among his requests was an extension of the Black Sea Grain Initiative launched in July between the United Nations and Russia.
The initiative ensured that food exports banned in Ukrainian ports could be shipped by Russian warships.
The United Nations says 10 million tonnes of cereals and other foodstuffs have been successfully exported since the deal began, averting a global food crisis.
But this initiative expires on November 19.
In his speech Tuesday at the G-20 session on food and energy security, Zelensky said the agreement should be extended indefinitely, “regardless of when the war ends.”
“The right to food is a basic right for every person in the world,” he added, and suggested expanding the deal to other ports in the Mykolaiv region.
Russia said on Saturday that the parties had not yet reached any agreement to extend the initiative.
In exchange for allowing Ukraine to ship food, Russia insisted on lifting Western sanctions so that Moscow could export its food and fertilizers to global markets without any hindrance.
Zelensky accused Russia of trying to “turn the cold into a weapon to confront millions of people” by bombing Ukraine’s energy infrastructure as winter approaches.
He requested additional military assistance from Ukraine’s allies, and imposed price caps on Russian energy exports so that Russia could not benefit from them.
He added, “If Russia is trying to deny Ukraine, Europe and all energy consumers in the world the predictability and stability of prices, then the answer to that should be restrictions on export prices for Russia… That’s fair. And if you grab something, it’s the right of the world.” to recover from you.”
Russia shut down Nord Stream 1, the largest gas pipeline to Europe, while the opening of the second pipeline was delayed. The West has also tried not to depend on Russian energy by reducing its use of Russian gas and oil.