Diabetes.. What are its effects on health and ways to prevent it?

It is known to be a disease diabetes A chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.

Insulin is a hormone that regulates the level of glucose in the blood. Hyperglycemia, also known as a high level of glucose in the blood, is a common consequence of an imbalance in controlling the level of sugar in the blood, and over time it leads to serious damage to many body systems, especially nerves and blood vessels, according to the World Health Organization.

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disease is characterized diabetes Type 1 (previously known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or diabetes mellitus of adolescence or childhood) has a deficiency in insulin production and requires daily insulin.

Symptoms of this disease also include excessive urination, thirst, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision and fatigue, while these symptoms may appear suddenly.

(expressive from iStock)

(expressive from iStock)

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Type 2 diabetes (previously called non-insulin-dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes) is caused by the body not using insulin effectively. This pattern is often caused by excessive body weight and inactivity.

The symptoms of this type may be similar to those of type 1, but they may be less noticeable often. Therefore, the disease may be diagnosed several years after the onset of symptoms, that is, after the appearance of complications of the disease.

(expressive from iStock)

(expressive from iStock)

Until recently, this type of diabetes was only seen in adults, but it is now increasingly occurring in children as well.

its effects on health

Over time, diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.

And adults with diabetes are two to three times more likely to have heart attacks and strokes.

Poor blood flow and neuropathy (nerve damage) to the feet also increase the odds of developing foot ulcers and sepsis, which may eventually require amputation.

(expressive from iStock)

(expressive from iStock)

Diabetic retinopathy is one of the main causes of blindness, and it occurs as a result of the long-term accumulation of damage to the small blood vessels in the retina.

Diabetes is also one of the main causes of kidney failure.

People living with diabetes are more likely to have poorer outcomes when exposed to several infectious diseases, including COVID-19.

Ways of prevention

Lifestyle measures have been shown to be effective in preventing or delaying the onset of type 2 diabetes. To help prevent type 2 diabetes and its complications, people should:

Work to achieve and maintain a healthy weight

Engage in physical activity, i.e. at least 30 minutes of moderate, regular physical activity most days of the week. Weight control requires more physical activity

Follow a healthy diet while limiting sugary and saturated fats

Avoid tobacco use, as smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.

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