New York: The Red Planet still retains many mysteries and mysteries. An analysis of the “Tissent” meteorite that occurred on Earth years ago revealed that it represents part of Martian rocks dating back 582 million years. What dazzled scientists and researchers gave them clues to see if life could exist on the surface of the red planet.
A report published by the French “Futura Sion” website states that the “Tissent” meteorite was discovered in 2011, and the analysis of its components today provides a better understanding of the production of organic molecules on Mars in order to know whether the “Red Planet” provided conditions conducive to life.
The report adds that the study of the geology of the Red Planet is not provided by spacecraft alone, but meteorites that fall from Mars represent a basic data source.
The report confirms that a few fragments of Mars collide regularly on Earth, and they are very many, referring to the crash of the “Tissent” meteorite on July 18, 2011 in the “Tata” region in Morocco.
Its entry into the atmosphere was also observed in real time, and the meteorite fragments were finally found by the nomads. The total mass of the “Tissent” meteorite was estimated at about 7 kilograms.
According to the report, analysis of these fragments revealed that they are part of Mars rocks dating back 582 million years, and therefore studying this meteorite can make it possible to better understand whether the red planet is a viable place for life, and one of the elements that must be taken into account in this big problem. It is the presence of organic molecules.
The report warns that talking about organic molecules does not mean molecules that are necessarily manufactured by living organisms, which are molecules rich in carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, or even sulfide, and can be created through so-called non-biological reactions.
According to the report, “Understanding the processes and sequences that produced these organic molecules can shed light on whether Mars knew conditions conducive to living, and what interactions might lead to the emergence of life.”
And the report continues that the “Tissent” meteorite showed that it presents a great diversity of organic molecules, and by making a link between the type of organic molecules and mineralogy, the researchers were able to produce a very complete index of the Martian diversity in terms of organic compounds and better understand the evolution of the crust of the Red Planet in relation to interactions water rocks.
It turned out that this meteorite is particularly rich in organic molecules that contain magnesium and molecules that have not been observed on Mars so far and that result from chemical reactions at high pressure and high temperature, according to what was confirmed by the report.
These particles show that the mineral evolution of the inner part of the planet was closely linked to the carbon cycle, as is the case on Earth, according to the results of a study published in the journal “Science Advances”.
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